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Synopsis About this title The Enlightenment was the age in which the world became modern, challenging tradition in favor of reason, freedom, and critical inquiry. About the Author : Charles W. Review : "An excellent contribution not only to geography's history, but also to the history of science This book may be usefully read together with the immensely stimulating collection Geography and Enlightenment. Particularly impressive is his ability to present a theoretically fortified argument with very little heavy discussion of theory.
He is like a skilled bartender who slips something very strong, but at first undetectable, into every drink.
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A first rate book that expertly combines historical geography, history of geography, and philosophy of science. Smith Journal of Regional Science "A pioneering study of the Enlightenment and its expanding perceptions of space and place. It is thoroughly reseaached and well written.
According to Van Meerkerk, the brothers were unique in the late eighteenth-century debate because of their emphasis on the economic and political advantages for colonial possessions of the amalgation of different races.
Placing the Enlightenment Thinking Geographically About the Age Of Reason
Their personal experiences and the people who influenced their ideas had set them on a course towards an unprecedented proposal: to create a colony in which hybridization was the official policy, thus closing the gap between centre and periphery. It is obvious that none of these ideas were ever put into practice in either Holland or France.
What remains intriguing, however, is the fact that these two men who were no great philosophers, yet came up with such utopian notions. With his ironic tone, ambivalent self-image and overall attempt to appear as an oddball in the eyes of the public, Van Woensel at first sight seems to be nothing more than a curiosity, one of the many colourful figures of the eighteenth century. Nieuwenhuis, however, argues in his article that he stands for a critical position within the public domain that actually matters very much to definitions of the Enlightenment. He is an outsider on the inside.
The Circulation of Ideas and Information
His eccentricity is largely a pose, his stance towards the Enlightenment ambivalent. As such, his case forms a valuable source of insight for both students of the Enlightenment and cultural historians in general. Carolina Armenteros' article focuses on French conservative monarchical thought in the revolutionary and post-revolutionary era, a subject that she contends has not sufficiently been studied by historians of political thought. While the literature on republicanism has increased greatly in recent years, comparatively little scholarship exists on monarchism as a political ethic and theory during the decades that followed the French Revolution.
It is the great political marginal, the tacit consensus that hovers timidly, and for the most part silently, on the periphery of the public sphere.
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The central theme that united this diverse group of royalist intellectuals, according to Armenteros, was a unique notion of political providentialism that situated itself at the intellectual peripheries of Enlightenment thought. The final article, by Alicia C.
Montoya and Wyneke de Gelder, studies the impact of the writings of the London-based French governess Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont in one of the Enlightenment's geographical peripheries, eastern Europe, and Russia in particular. Leprince de Beaumont, according to the authors, offers an intriguing case because her pedagogical works appear to have enjoyed enormous international recognition, both within and outside France, yet are never mentioned in standard accounts of the Enlightenment.
This article contends that if we look at the Enlightenment from the viewpoint of reception rather than production, taking into account what academic discourse has largely taken as the peripheries of the Enlightenment, a new picture emerges. The article thereby argues - as do the others in this special issue of De Achttiende Eeuw - that centre and periphery are, finally, relative notions, or ideological constructs that need to be historicized if we are to really understand how the Enlightenment worked for those who participated in it.
De Achttiende Eeuw. Jaargang 44 meer over deze tekst.
Vorige Volgende. Montoya In recent decades, Enlightenment studies have moved away from a traditionally national, most often Franco- or Anglocentric focus toward a view of the Enlightenment as an international process. The official travel accounts, reports, and expensive portfolio books contained detailed and polished descriptions of land and life, and painstakingly accurate measurements of distances, coordinates, and river depths, but left out more explicit reference to the explorers themselves--what they did when they were not busy calculating angles or writing down their musings, and how they proceeded to publish their results.
For me, it is difficult to imagine how French, Spanish, and British gentlemen in appropriate attire, the mandatory wigs on their heads, penetrated the humid Amazon lowlands or climbed the ragged Andes, accompanied by heavy and bulky wooden trunks that contained sophisticated instruments and indispensable literature.
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Measuring the New World offers a refreshing perspective on some of the hidden layers of knowledge production and truth-making in mid-eighteenth-century France and Spain. Reading between the lines of the smooth and impeccable surface of written texts and searching for the deeper meanings and impacts of material culture and its ephemeral by-products, Safier points out that Enlightenment science entailed not only the mapping of the world and the showcasing and cataloguing of knowledge, but also the imposition of European values and thoughts.
Four chapters of the book deal with written accounts from different national and ethnic viewpoints that present aspects and ideas of South American cultures and landscapes.
Safier does not forget the native voices, either, although some may complain about the relatively meager yield of indigenous testimonies. Once again, La Condamine enters the stage, this time not as a protagonist, but as the contributor of four minor keywords and as the potential author of a longer article on the plains of Quito that he never happened to write. Besides the interpretation of textual testimonies, Safier includes two chapters that deal with maps and their production processes.
Chapter 2 describes how La Condamine elaborated his own map of the Amazon River basin after his descend from the lofty Andes to the treacherous waters of the Amazon lowlands.